Linux Ubuntu Kernel Management

To revert to the latest recommended kernel:

sudo apt-get install --install-recommends linux-generic-hwe-18.04

To maintain the kernel and cleanse the unused:

You should check partially removed kernels with

dpkg -l linux-image-\* | grep ^rc

and remove them with for example sudo apt-get purge linux-image-4.4.0-101-generic.

Purging will remove initramfs generation rules from /var/lib/initramfs-tools/.

If it does not help, you can remove them manually from initramfs list:

sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/3.13.0-39-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-101-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-103-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-38-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-45-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-59-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-77-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-78-generic
sudo rm /var/lib/initramfs-tools/4.4.0-81-generic

Usually I run purge-old-kernels followed by sudo apt-get autoremove to have only 2 recent kernels.

You can reinstall installed kernels with their initramfses:

sudo apt-get install --reinstall \
$(dpkg -l linux-image-\* | grep ^ii | awk '{print $2}')



PowerShell get-help update-help

Troubleshooting update-help in Powershell can be simplified using the -Force and -Ea 0 commands to continue past errors along with the to “-Ev what” to record the errors in a verbose manner to the $what variable.

The $what variable can then be reviewed more closely and the cause of the failure (hopefully) identified.

Update-Help  -Force -Ea 0 -Ev what

Creds to